Hatsune Miku. Example of Japanese animation.
Anime: [from the Japanese abbreviation “animation,”] Japanese animated hand-drawn or computer-made films.
Anthropomorphism: [from the Greek, “anthropos” (man/ human) + “morphe” (shape/ form)]. A literary device by which you attribute human characteristics or behavior to anything other than a human being, including animals, objects, gods…
Antihero: a main character or protagonist that lacks some o the qualities of an idealized hero, like morality or courage, and acts in an unheroic manner. An example: Wolverine.
APA: “amateur press association.” A group of people who publish collections of works and distribute them among their members. Many APA were founded in the 30s by fans of science fiction, comics, cinema, etc. APAs are being changed by internet mailing lists, etc; though many still exist.
Asynchronous: [from Greek “synkhronos” (happening at the same time); from “syn-” (together)+ “khronos” (time)]. The depiction of sound in a panel that is not happening at the same time as the events that are pictured in the panel. The sound can be music, dialogue or sounds.
Back issue: a back number of a comic.
Bande dessinée: comics from the Franco-Belgian tradition.
Broadsheet: a single page of printed material which has images and words printed on it (for example, a newspaper). The first broadsheet newspaper was published in 1618 in Europe.